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Date Joined Nov 2003
Total Posts : 218
| Posted 1/1/2004 2:51 AM (GMT -5) |
You know that I'm totally hopeless when I'm up late after New Year's working on a score.
Something has been bothering me for a little while and I would like to seek other opinions. When writing for wind ensemble, I know that certain instruments have more than two players (flutes, clarinets...), while others usually only have two players (oboe, bassoon...). My question is: After soloing an instrument, is there a standard for expressing that you want everyone to play again (ex. solo flute - all flutes)?
Here is how I usually do it: If that instrument usually has more than two players, I write "unison" above the passage when everyone is to enter after a solo, provided that the passage is in unison. If that instrument usually has only two players, I write "a2" above the part when everyone enters.
Sorry if I am showing my ignorance concerning such matters. I've seen it expressed in many ways, and want to make it as clear as possible, so that even the dumbest performer can understand on the first read-through. Perhaps "tutti" would be a better expression?
Does anyone have any authority to speak on this matter? Thanks.
"Writing music with theory in mind is like wearing underwear that's too tight. It's restricting!"
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Date Joined Jun 2000
Total Posts : 8331
| Posted 1/1/2004 4:28 AM (GMT -5) |
|Here is my list:|
Solo = 1 player.
a2 = (italian: a due) 2 players - used when there are more than 2 players on that part. Often used between a Solo passage and a Tutti passage.
Gli altri = the others - used when the other players on the part should play after (or during) a solo passage (pronounced "li altri").
Tutti = everybody. "Tutti" may also be used when there are only 2 players on that part.
Divisi = divided - used when everybody on the part plays one of the voices.
Uniti = united - used after a "Divisi" passage.
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Hack Arranger and C.O.G. (Chief Old Geezer)
Date Joined Jul 2000
Total Posts : 4687
| Posted 1/1/2004 5:10 AM (GMT -5) |
It depends on how far against tradition you are willing to go to accomodate your "dumbest performer."
That performer isn't going to have a clue as to what "a2," "tutti," or "gli altri" mean.
Some other options to get everyone playing again are:
Unison (when applicable)
(Currently using: Finale 2003a, Windows 98-2e, TGTools 2.25, and Glenlivet when I can afford it.)
It don't mean a thing if it ain't got that swing!
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Date Joined Mar 2003
Total Posts : 8828
| Posted 1/3/2004 2:24 PM (GMT -5) |
|According to my composition teacher, "unis." and "div." are used for strings where you have two or more notes simultaneously (eg, a 2-note chord in the cellos)--to indicate whether all instruments play both notes as double or triple stopped or the sections split into parts to play the notes individually.|
For woodwinds and brass, you use a2, a3, a4, etc. to indicate how many instruments are playing the line. A single number, above or below the staff, depending on which voice, indicates which instrument will play solo. Of course, this is for symphony orchestras. Wind and brass bands where there could be dozens playing an instrument would use "tutti", etc. as David points out in the post above.
By the way, singers are much smarter than instrumentalists: when they come across two or more simultaneous notes they are smart enough to realize that they need to decide who is going to sing which notes without any direction from the composer at all.
At the risk of sounding chauvenistic, we used to use Italian in scores because Italy was the centre of Western music. That has not been the case for a long time (not to say there are not many fine Italian musicians and composers), but now English-speaking musicians greatly outnumber the Italian music population when it was at its height by several factors. So, I generally use English unless the Italian is immediately understood (such as "pizzicato").
Finale 2004a, W98 SE
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Date Joined Jan 2004
Total Posts : 433
| Posted 1/4/2004 10:43 PM (GMT -5) |
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